Ozone Layer Depletion – Causes, Effects and Solutions

The ozone layer is the natural region in the stratosphere of the Earth that is meant to absorb all the harmful Ultraviolet rays of the sun and protects the Earth’s surface from those rays. In fact, the ozone layer is the atmospheric layer that contains high level of ozone content to act as the barrier between the harmful UV rays of the sun and the Earth’s surface. But, due to the upsurge in the specific factors, there has been the rise in the depletion of the ozone layer, making the destructive UV rays of the sun entering into the atmosphere of the earth. Thus, it is relevant to understand the crucial factors leading to the causes, effects and the solutions of the ozone layer depletion.

Ozone Layer Depletion

Ozone Layer Depletion – Causes, Effects and Solutions

It is a fact that the scientists have discovered the incredible increase in the ozone layer depletion that is certainly not ideal for the atmosphere of the earth. Europe i.e the smallest continent of the earth is majorly affected by ozone layer depletion. So, let’s have a comprehensive look at the causes, effects and depletion of the ozone layer that needs to be addressed for having the healthy atmosphere of the Earth.

Causes of Ozone Layer Depletion

The ozone layer depletion is precisely a serious concern that needs to be understood properly to protect the atmosphere of the earth from the harmful electromagnetic rays of the sun. The most significant aspect of the ozone layer depletion is the enhanced production of Chlorofluorocarbons along with its increasing emission in the atmosphere of the earth. In fact, it is absorbed by the scientists that nearly 80% of the depletion of the ozone layer is caused by the increased amount of CFCs along with hydro chlorofluorocarbons, coolants of the refrigerators, agents of the cleaning, volatile organic compounds. These harmful gases are released from the industrial wastage, emissions from all vehicles, aerosols and deforestation also plays a part in enhancing the damaging effects of the ozone layer depletion.

Effects of Ozone Layer Depletion

It is relevant to point out that there are extremely damaging effects of the ozone layer depletion on the Earth’s atmosphere leading to the serious effects on the environment and human life. Due to the harmful UV rays of the sun, humans get exposed to the skin cancer, damage to the eyes, weakening the immune system and enhanced aging of the skin. Moreover, it also affects the plants by disrupting the natural process of their growth and development leading to defects in their overall physiological growth. The marine life is also influenced by the ozone layer depletion as it affects the Plankton that plays a crucial role in maintaining the carbon cycle of the ocean along with having the precise role in the food chain of the 5 major oceans on earth . Moreover, the Plankton helps to convert the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere into the oxygen, thereby playing a significant part in the entire ecosystem. The depletion of ozone layer interrupts in the adequate working of the Plankton which affects the entire ecosystem. Along with this, the depletion of the ozone layer also leads to the concern of global warming that needs to be addressed adequately. Moreover, it has been absorbed that the ozone layer has got thinned in the mid of latitude that is in Australia and Antarctic region that leads to the significant disruption in the ecosystem affecting the humans leading to various health concerns and also prove a threat to the plant and marine ecosystem.

Solutions of Ozone Layer Depletion

The depletion of the ozone layer is the serious concern that needs international cooperation and understanding from all the nations of the world. In fact, it has led to the formation of the Montreal Protocol in 1987 that got the acceptance of all the countries to reduce the emission and production of CFCs. Moreover, there is a need to understand that each one of us can play a vital role in protecting the natural shield of the earth by using the recycled products, opting for public transport and make continuous attempts to enhance the understanding of the people about the ozone layer depletion.

Conclusion

On a whole, it can be stated that all the Ozone Layer Depletion – Causes, Effects and Solutions is not the concern of any particular nation but of all the nations comprising the international community. Moreover, the entire world should cooperate to reduce the emissions of CFCs, and other harmful pollutants that lead to the hole in the ozone layer making it possible to the harmful UV rays of the sun reaching the earth’s surface and disturbing the whole environment and ecosystem. Thus, we all have to make the individual efforts along with the collective efforts to save the natural shield of the earth from getting depleted by the harmful gasses and protecting our natural environment for future generations.

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